The Different Parts of a Golf Course

Different Parts of a Golf Course

In the previous article, we talked about the golf scoring terminologies that you should know as a beginner of the sport. This time, let us zoom out a bit and check on the way that leads to the hole. Let’s understand the parts of a golf course you’ll maneuver the ball through.

There are many variables that affect the outcome in a golf round. The golf clubs you play with is a major one. To play with the right club, you have to have a better understanding of the hole you are playing, especially its parts.

Each hole in a course has 5 major parts namely Tee, Fairway, Green, Rough and Hazards. Understanding these parts allow you to plan your shots right.


This is where the hole begins. Each round starts here, in the tee box. Your goal here is to deliver a clean tee shot and the club to play is a driver type. There will be markers in here, which signifies skill level, and you are expected to set up your tee and ball up to two (2) meters behind them. Some holes have more than one set of tee boxes.


This is the stretch between the tee box and the green. Its length is usually from 30 to 50 yards. Your goal from tee is to land the ball here. The second shot is easier made from the fairway than in other areas like the rough. The clubs to play here are those fairway woods or those hybrids.


The green is where the hole is. Its grass is cut short so the ball can roll easily. You will need a putter to play this area of a course. To master the green, you will have to master reading its condition and come up with a masterful way to roll the ball to the hole.


Rough is one of the areas in a golf course you want to avoid landing your ball. It lines the fairways and has longer grass. Hitting a ball from here is more difficult and unpredictable. This makes golf more challenging to play and always demand control on ball flights and landings. The golf clubs that work best here are those heavy and with plenty of loft.


Rough is not the only area to avoid, but the selection of hazards that characterize a golf course as well. There are two types of hazards in a typically challenging course:

  • Bunkers – these are holes in the ground filled with sand spread around the fairway and the putting green.
  • Water – any form of water formation that surrounds the fairways and the putting green.

Like rough, your goal is to avoid these hazards at all cost. In case you have the ball in the rough, you can move it back to the fairway or into the green with a sand wedge, a lob wedge and/or a pitching wedge.

Any of these components can challenge the way you approach a hole. Understanding their characteristics and conditions can help you with club selection and allow you to plan your shots more carefully.

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